At the opposite end of the scale, a SCUBA diver displays the flag from the depths of Puget Sound!
Iowa football captain E.A. McGowan wrote about fans lifting the State University of Iowa to a victory in 1903.
Wrote McGowan, in the 1912 Iowa Alumnus magazine: “As the Iowa team ran out on the field on that memorable day and looked at the thousands of valiant rooters waving their streamers and yelling, ‘Hold them, Iowa,’ there came a feeling into the hearts of those men who were wearing the Old Gold jerseys, and who were to uphold the honor of their university that, ‘We must win.’
“When the evening dusk began to gather over the field and the whistle had blown for the last down, the game was over with the score Iowa 12, Illinois 0.
“The eleven men had done their best; the twelfth man on the team (the loyal, spirited Iowa rooter) had won the game for old S.U.I.”
In the decades since, references to a 12th man have been both specific (to certain venues) and generic (any loud home field).
The tradition of the "Twelfth Man" as we now know it, was born on the second of January 1922, when the underdog Texas A& M "Aggies, " was playing Centre College, then the nation's top ranked team.
The United States Patent and Trademark Office had issued trademark registrations to Texas A&M for "12th Man" and "Home of the 12th Man."
Texas A&M officials sent requests to stop using the phrase to the Seattle Seahawks in 2004 and 2005, to the Buffalo Bills, and the Chicago Bears. Both the Bills and the Bears responded to the requests stating they would no longer use the phrase, however the Seahawks did not respond to the request.
As a result, in January 2006, Texas A&M filed a trademark infringement lawsuit against the Seattle Seahawks to protect the trademark and in May 2006, the dispute was settled out of court. As part of the agreement, the Seahawks acknowledge Texas A&M's ownership rights of the trademarked phrase.
However, the NFL team may continue using it under license. Texas A&M licensed the Seahawks to continue using the phrase "12th Man" in exchange for $100,000, along with public acknowledgement by the NFL franchise as to Texas A&M's ownership of the phrase, and an additional annual fee, amounting to $7,500 per year.
The effects of the "12th man" vary widely, but can be put in two categories.
• The first is simply psychological, the effect of showing the home team that they are appreciated, and showing the away team that they are somewhat unwelcome.
• The second directly relates to the deafening effects of a loud crowd. The noise of the crowd can have a significant impact on the players on the field.
The noise can also prevent players from hearing audible signals and can make it difficult for the team's offense to coordinate plays in the huddle. The effect of the noise can often be measured in mistakes, such as false start penalties.
Coaches can take steps to minimize the effect of the crowd noise on their teams. Some American football teams bring large speakers to their practice fields and broadcast loud noises such as jet engines to prepare their teams for the anticipated noise level.
Crowd noise tends to diminish after a long lull in play, such as a pause for instant replay. Former NFL player Brian Baldinger speculates that some coaches draw out reviews as part of a coaching strategy to quiet the crowd for their next play.
Three sensors have been used to measure ground movement; one located about a block away from CenturyLink Stadium,
• A number of "regrades" of Seattle hills and various reclamation projects created a foundation for the expansion of the City to the south. Both the Seahawks CenturyLink Field and adjacent Safeco (Mariners) Stadiums are built on this massive landfill.
the sound levels inside the Stadium. Architects readily agree that the tiers of seats form a cone of reflection which amplify the roar of the fans.
• SR99 "Bertha" Tunnel Boring Machine is a few hundred yards north of the Stadium.
Apparently a customer cancellation resulted in this new airfrieghter joining Boeing's Test Fleet. And this week, Boeing Everett Paint Shop unveiled a magnificant tribute to the Seattle Seahawks, memorializing the "12th Man" and hash mark "Louder."
[Ed Note: In the "Fun Facts" graphic below, there is mention of Skittles. If you are not familiar with the Seahawks "Skittles" connection, read here.]
Tim Connors of Edmonds Washington had better hope the Seahawks win! However, on the Jimmy Kimmel Show last night, he said it stays as is, no matter the outcome.
Finally, my sister gave me a "head's up" concerning a Bronco that got lost in Ferndale, Washington. Not a pretty sight!
No doubt you know where I will be Sunday Afternoon, in front of my Big Screen! "Go Hawks!"
See Also: Taima's Remarkable Flight!